A pipe burst, your washing machine broke or it rained a little too much, and suddenly you have your own personal pond down in your basement.
Water problems are a nightmare for homeowners, especially when those problems lead to significant flooding. Dealing with water damage or a flood is time-consuming, expensive, and isn’t always covered by homeowners insurance. Depending on the amount of damage, restoration can cost between $1,400 – $7,500.
Since it can be so expensive, homeowners might consider taking on some repairs themselves to minimize the amount of money they have to spend. But is this a wise idea? And how can you tell whether the cleanup will be manageable, or if it’s necessary to hire professionals?
Things to Consider
To determine whether you can clean the area up on your own or if you need to call in an expert, you’re going to have to evaluate your situation and consider a few different factors.
A small to moderate amount of water in your home should be manageable on your own, provided you have the proper tools to deal with it. However, if the flooding is significant or is continuing to rise in spite of efforts to curb it, don’t try to deal with it on your own.
If your area is recovering from a large flood or other natural disasters, now isn’t the time to take on a DIY repair project, especially if your home suffered significant damage. Leave this one to the professionals and follow instructions from local disaster relief authorities.
Before you decide to clean up water damage on your own, you first need to figure out where the water is coming from.
There are three different types of water that you may deal with when you have a flooding issue in your home. The type of water will guide you on whether you can do the cleanup yourself or if you need to bring in a professional.
The first type is clean water. Clean water might come from rain or leaky pipes and doesn’t have harmful bacteria growing in it. The second type is called gray water. This is water that comes from sources like your dishwasher or washing machine and could be slightly contaminated. This type of water can also be safe to clean up yourself, provided you take proper precautions, and use appropriate safety gear.
The last type is black water. Blackwater can come from sewers or flooding from a nearby body of water. Don’t try to clean up this type of water on your own, as it can harbor all kinds of highly infectious organisms and other health hazards.
When dealing with water, if you are unsure of the type, play it safe and call in a professional.
The level of damage is also something to consider. Light damage can usually be taken care of by the homeowner. However, water can cause significant damage to a home and even render elements of it unsafe.
For example, if you’re dealing with bad flooding on one of your house’s upper levels, that water can seep through the floor and damage the ceiling below, which could be hazardous. If the damage is beyond your ability to safely repair, you should hire an expert.
If the flooding is deep, you also have to consider the damage to your electrical and HVAC systems. If any electrical equipment was submerged in water, it’s likely ruined. Those aren’t things you’re going to be able to fix on your own, so there may be a limit to the number of repairs you can DIY.
DIY Water Damage Cleanup
If you’ve determined that the water damage in your home is simple enough to deal with on your own, let’s take a look at the steps you need to take to get the area cleaned up and restored.
The first thing you need to do, whether you’re managing the cleanup yourself or hiring professionals, is to turn off all water and electrical sources in your home. To turn off the electricity, you may need to have a licensed electrician remove your home’s electrical meter from its socket to ensure that all electricity has been disconnected.
If you’re going to be wading into the water, it’s a good idea to wear some sort of protective clothing to prevent your skin from coming into contact with the water. Even if the water looks clean, you still can’t be sure it hasn’t been contaminated in some way.
Remove the Water
If the amount of water is very small, you may be able to use a wet vacuum to remove it. If you’ve experienced more significant flooding, you may need to rent a water pump to efficiently get the water out of your home.
If you have a lot of water in your basement, you shouldn’t remove it all at once. Instead, pump out about a third of the water per day, as the water in the ground that surrounds your basement can cause the floors to buckle and the walls to collapse from the sudden loss of pressure from the water inside.
Dry It Out
Because mold can start growing in as few as 24 hours, you’re going to need to be proactive and work fast in drying out the affected areas.
Setting up a few fans can help, but if the damage is over a larger area, you might want to consider renting a large dehumidifier and letting it run for as long as necessary.
Everything that came into contact with flood water will need to be disinfected. If the water contained sewage or other hazardous materials, you should discard any porous materials it touched and make sure everything else is thoroughly sanitized. Do this as soon as possible to prevent mold growth.
Figure Out What Can Be Salvaged
Unfortunately, you may find that most of your stuff won’t be salvageable from flood damage. Water can permanently damage certain materials pretty easily, so you may have to part with the majority of personal items that were in the flooded or water-damaged area.
Some things may be able to be thoroughly dried out and cleaned. Soaked upholstered furniture may not be able to be restored, but you might be able to save wood furniture that hasn’t been sitting in the water for too long.
You may also need to remove any damaged carpeting, drywall, insulation, or other similar materials and replace them.
Ultimately, the level of damage will determine whether you need to hire a professional or not. Dealing with a substantial flood or water damage can be a scary and stressful time for a homeowner; bringing in an expert can help mitigate a lot of uncertainty. However, if you’re able to do at least a little bit of the cleanup and restoration yourself, in conjunction with a professional, you may be able to save yourself some money.
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